The Islamic State group also known as ISIS has become part of the presidential election campaign of fear in the United States.
But not everyone understands the group’s background or what it’s doing in the Middle East.
ISIS is not a terrorist organization founded by a group of refugees. It is the sum of some wrong politics in both the West and the East.
It is one of the worst consequences of the Iraq War that began in 2003, mixing extremism and microfascism.
ISIS was born and raised in the gap years between the Iraq War and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.
The Arab Spring was a complete failure except in Tunisia, the only state now in the region that has a more democratic system than the others.
When all the dictatorships turned to sand in the Middle East, they could not be replaced by democratic regimes. On the contrary, things have gotten worse in Iraq, Egypt, Libya and especially Syria.
After the Iraq war and during the Syrian civil war that began early 2011, nearly 13 million people have been displaced in Syria and Iraq because of fighting and the fear of ISIS.
ISIS has taken control of cities in Syria and Iraq such as Raqqah, Fallujah and Mosul. It also is targeting civilians in European countries.
The Islamic State has become everyone’s foe.
Today, Syria, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Russia and the United States are battling ISIS, but there are also conflicts within this coalition.
Russia supports the Bashar Assad government in Syria, while Turkey and the U.S. want to replace the regime there.
Recently, the head of U.S. Central Command, Gen. Joseph Votel, visited Germany and Turkey. That signaled a new strategy that involves Iraq forces, Kurdish “Syria democratic forces” and the coalition states.
One of the biggest cities in Iraq, Fallujah, which has been under ISIS control since January 2014, is besieged now. ISIS withdrew from other cities in Iraq such as Ramadi, Hit and Rutbah.
It seems for the first time in recent years that ISIS is losing its position in the Middle East.
But there is another important thing to remember.
Military involvement will not “solve” the ISIS issue unless democratic, free societies are founded in the region.