Government & Politics

Republicans Pat Roberts, Sam Brownback face campaign together — and apart

Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback (left) and U.S. Sen. Pat Roberts both are facing difficult re-election campaigns this fall, but a variety of circumstances have kept their campaigns separate. They saw each other at Johnson County Republican election watch party on Aug. 5 in Overland Park.
Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback (left) and U.S. Sen. Pat Roberts both are facing difficult re-election campaigns this fall, but a variety of circumstances have kept their campaigns separate. They saw each other at Johnson County Republican election watch party on Aug. 5 in Overland Park. The Associated Press

“The sun is shining in Kansas,” Gov. Sam Brownback says in a television ad. “And don’t let anybody tell you any different.”

Sen. Pat Roberts has other ideas. “Kansans are struggling,” early commercial says.

The conflicting messages caused more than a few political pros to chuckle. But the Republicans’ seemingly at-odds themes also reflect the complicated geometry of Kansas politics this year.

Roberts seeks a nationalized election focused on conservative ideology.

Brownback, as a governor, must address a state electorate more interested in concrete results than philosophy.

Yet the two have much in common.

They’re the most well-known and important Republicans in a Republican state. They’ve spent most of their adult lives in government, as colleagues. Many voters see them as two sides of the same coin.

As a result, Brownback and Roberts are strangely connected this election season, together — yet apart. It’s a complex equation neither anticipated but both must now solve.

“There’s a surreal aspect to this election in Kansas that the candidates have to be feeling,” said Bob Beatty, a political science professor at Washburn University. “If either of them lose … they’re not going to believe it.”

Polls suggest Roberts trails independent Greg Orman in a race where Democrat Chad Taylor has dropped out. Likewise, surveys find Brownback behind in his re-election fight with Democratic state Rep. Paul Davis.

Losing is a real possibility for both Republicans.

Which would, in itself, be unusual: Neither man has ever lost.

Roberts to the right

Roberts was first elected to the House in 1980 as a wisecracking voice for farmers in the huge 1st Congressional District.

But longtime friends believe Roberts, who moved to the Senate in 1997, has changed into an ideological Republican who may have lost focus on his home state — putting his re-election in jeopardy.

“Any good politician has to keep his ear to the ground and close to home at all times,” said Dan Glickman, a former Democratic Kansas congressman and U.S. ecretary of agriculture. He’s known Roberts for more than three decades.

“Home is Kansas. Home is where you live. Home is where the voters are.”

Former GOP Sen. Nancy Kassebaum Baker, Roberts’ colleague and friend of more than 30 years, blames his rightward tilt for his struggles.

“There’s just disappointment around the state,” she said. “They feel they don’t know him now.”

Asked recently to tape a TV commercial for Roberts, Kassebaum Baker declined.

Roberts sharply rejects any suggestion that he’s moved to the right. He says he’s simply reacted to overreach by President Barack Obama.

“He’s moved really far left,” Roberts told The Star this summer. “I have not changed.”

Roberts’ efforts to align himself with conservatives in Kansas could have been seen as an effort to head off a tea party primary challenge. He got one anyway — from Milton Wolf — but many tea partiers remain furious with Roberts. That could cost him conservative votes in November.

Wolf has not endorsed Roberts.

So Roberts has tried to shore up his political right. He’s brought in surrogates such as Sarah Palin and veterans of conservative campaigns.

Roberts might have also turned to Brownback for help with conservative voters, long the governor’s base of support.

As it turns out, though, Brownback has his own challenges.

Brownback plays defense

“Sam Brownback is not a half-measures kind of guy,” said Fred Logan, a longtime friend of the Republican and district co-chairman of his re-election campaign. “He knew this was going to be a tough race.”

Brownback has long been considered more ideological and ambitious than Roberts.

He’s run for president. He ran for Bob Dole’s Senate seat in 1996 after just one term in the House — leaping over an appointed incumbent and Roberts for the job, to Roberts’ and other Republicans’ occasional chagrin.

Brownback easily won re-election to the Senate in 1998 and 2004, then left Washington to run for governor in 2010.

Brownback’s agenda in Kansas has reinforced his reputation as a conservative purist. Medicaid reform and tax cuts have drawn the attention of conservative analysts and lobbying groups. They see Kansas as a laboratory for a small-government, low-tax approach.

Yet Davis has mounted a serious opposition campaign, outsiders say, because Kansans view the governor’s office as more practical than ideological — unlike the U.S. Senate.

That makes the state’s credit downgrade and slumping revenues more significant to Kansas voters, turning the governor’s race into a referendum on accomplishments, not promises.

Brownback believes voters will see those issues as bumps in the road, not an indictment of his overall approach.

“Any time you change things,” he told The Star, “you go through the tumult.”

At the same time, he’s tried to center parts of his record. For instance, he claims he increased spending for schools and has promised more job growth in the state in ads and speeches across the state.

“It’s not about Democrat and Republican,” he said at a campaign event Friday. “It’s about making things better for the people.”

Symbiotic or separate?

Caught in the together-yet-apart dynamic, Roberts and Brownback have largely pursued separate campaigns this fall. They’ve appeared together occasionally — and campaign staffers have stepped up their conversations, associates say — yet each is running his own race.

They seem to be drawing from similar bases of support. In a Fox News poll in mid-September, Brownback got 41 percent of those polled, Roberts 42 percent.

Months ago, some analysts suggested Brownback’s close race might help Roberts. Republicans and moderates feeling guilty about abandoning the GOP for Davis, the theory went, would ease their consciences by voting for Roberts.

Today, that theory is sideways. Republicans now fear moderates may turn out in greater numbers, voting against both Roberts and Brownback. That could be particularly true in vote-rich Johnson County.

Republicans are also worried because Davis and Orman have something Brownback and Roberts lack: relatively thin public resumes.

In an anti-incumbent year, that’s considered an advantage.

“There are a lot of people frustrated with the whole system,” said Clay Barker, director of the Kansas Republican Party. “They’re willing almost to take a risk on an unknown person who says, ‘I’ll fix it.’”

If enough voters take that view, Kansans may see the rarest of phenomena: a state-based wave election, sweeping longtime incumbents aside.

“There’s certainly a dynamic where we could see a moderate Republican or an unaffiliated voter just saying, ‘You know what, let’s throw them all out,’” Beatty said. But “they’re hard to predict. How do you predict when people just have that feeling?”

Last dash

Win or lose, Brownback and Roberts will likely never run for statewide office again. (Brownback is limited to two terms as governor and probably won’t run for the Senate again. Roberts is 78 years old.)

Oddly, despite their decades in public service together, they have shared a statewide ballot only once: in 1996, when Dole quit and Kassebaum Baker’s seat was open. Both won.

Now the two colleagues face a final verdict from Kansas voters on their long tenures in the public eye. Each pursues a different campaign path — yet each seems to understand his time in the public eye is nearing an end, whatever happens in November.

“What a blessing and honor it’s been,” Brownback said. “I’ve had a great chance to serve.”

Roberts: “We’ve had a pretty good partnership with people down the years.

“People keep re-electing me. And we’re still working on it.”

To reach Dave Helling, call 816-234-4656 or send email to dhelling@kcstar.com. Follow @dhellingkc.

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