A disease has been found in Kansas with the potential to kill a number of our local native species, including oak trees.
The source of the disease is infected plants shipped from an Oklahoma nursery to Walmart stores throughout the Kansas City area. The Kansas Department of Agriculture and K-State Extension made the announcement after samples tested positive on June 7.
Container-grown rhododendrons shipped to Walmart are the source of the pathogen Phytophythora ramorum. The disease is called Ramorum blight in landscape plants and Sudden Oak Death in oak trees.
If you purchased any rhododendron plants from an area Walmart this spring, please take action immediately. All parts of the plants must be destroyed to prevent the spread of the disease.
Dig up the plant, including the root ball and soil, and double bag it in plastic. Place in the garbage to be buried in the landfill. Even healthy looking plants should be removed as they are still carriers of the disease.
Do not take the plants back to Walmart as this increases the chance of disease transmission. If seeking a refund, bring your receipt instead.
Tools used to remove the plant — such as shovels, pruners, shoes, gloves or any other materials that may come in contact with the plants during the removal process — should be sanitized to reduce the spread. Sanitize garden tools with either a 10% bleach solution or by thoroughly wiping down all surfaces with rubbing alcohol. Wash gloves and clothing as well.
Sudden Oak Death is not new to the United States. The disease has caused damage in susceptible trees for nearly 15 years in California, Washington and Oregon. In Kansas and Missouri, this disease could spread due to our moist weather patterns and increased number of native oak trees.
Kansas City area forests contain trees of both the white oak group and the red oak group. The white oak group species with rounded lobed leaves, such as Bur oak, are less susceptible to the disease. The greatest concern is for the red oak group with pointed leaf lobes.
Species in the red oak group include red, black, pin, Shumard, blackjack and shingle. Many of the best street trees in our area are red oak species, and the disease will affect native forest and landscape trees alike.
Ramorum blight can be difficult to identify. Symptoms on the nursery plants include leaf spotting or browning and stem dieback. These symptoms are easily confused with common problems such as environmental stress and other pest issues.
Landscape shrubs rarely die from the disease but increase the spread. Symptoms in oak trees include bleeding cankers on the trunk, leading to decline and death.
Take action now if you purchased rhododendrons from Walmart this spring to remove and discard them immediately.
Dennis Patton is a horticulture agent with Kansas State University Research and Extension. Got a question for him or other university extension experts? You can also email them to firstname.lastname@example.org.