A recently released Gallup poll found “tidal shifts” over the past 60 years in Americans’ willingness to support a well-qualified black, female, Catholic or Jewish candidate for president.
But the study also found that 60 percent of Americans would be willing to vote for a president who was a “generally well-qualified person who happened to be Muslim.”
Throughout the month of Ramadan, which concluded this week, American Muslims have been serving their communities — including raising more than $80,000 for black churches burned across the South and serving 1,000 homeless on Skid Row in Los Angeles — through public service that they are called by their faith to do. But as they look forward to Eid al-Fitr, the three-day celebration that began Friday, they are also wondering whether Americans are more willing to accept their service.
“If the 60 percent is to be used as a proxy of acceptance of Muslims, I am encouraged by an upward trajectory,” wrote Saud Anwar, the mayor of South Windsor, Conn., and that state’s first Muslim mayor.
Anwar said he thinks religious labels “are less critical” at the local level, where “people have a better opportunity to know a candidate and thus vote based on capacity to do the job and performance.”
In national elections, he said, “the labels may become more important for people.”
But Amaney Jamal, a professor of politics at Princeton University who has done significant research on the civic engagement of Muslims and Arabs in the U.S., said the poll also shows how much worse Muslims are doing than other religious and racial groups.
“Sixty percent isn’t a bad number on average,” she said, but when compared with American support for Catholics, blacks, Jews and Mormons — where there’s a 20- to 30-point difference — it’s “troubling.”
Americans haven’t embraced the idea “that a Muslim can be a loyal person to the United States, a Muslim can be a very good president, a dedicated president,” Jamal said. “There’s a lot of Islamophobia.”
The good news is that young people are more willing to vote for a Muslim presidential candidate — 76 percent of 18- to 29-year-olds would, as would 67 percent of 30- to 49-year-olds, according to the poll.
The higher youth numbers she attributes to the likelihood they have had direct daily interactions with a Muslim at work or school.
Salam Al-Marayati, executive director of the Muslim Public Affairs Council, said he was struck that Protestants, according to the poll, would be much less likely to support a Muslim candidate (44 percent) than U.S. adults overall.
“The narrative that we are in a religious war with the Middle East I think has an impact on evangelical communities’ views of Muslims,” Al-Marayati said.
Detroit native Rashida Tlaib, a former Democratic state legislator who was the first Muslim woman elected to the Michigan Legislature, said that her main takeaway from the poll was that the majority of Americans do respect people of faith. American support for atheists and socialists was lower. (Fifty-eight percent of Americans would support an atheist for president, and 47 percent a socialist.)
A recent workshop convened by the Institute for Social Policy and Understanding and the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Islamic Studies Program at Harvard University found that as more American Muslims enter public service sectors, they are “uniquely positioned to elevate the perception and understanding of Islam and Muslims.”
Tlaib, who continues to be active in public service in her home state — working as a campaign manager for the Campaign to Take on Hate — said there are “definitely not enough Muslims running for office.”
“Some people will go in the military, or be a firefighter or a police officer, or other public service. But I tell you as a public elected official you actually get a much broader blanket of people that you expose your faith to.”
She said American Muslims should “never underestimate the human connection,” explaining that whatever fears her constituents had of Muslims, working on their behalf on day-to-day issues changed that image.
Like Tlaib, Al-Marayati said people have sometimes asked if he’s really Muslim.
“Just because we’re Americans doesn’t mean we’re less Muslim,” he said. “In fact, we say the opposite: Being a good American citizen makes me a more devout Muslim. And being a devout Muslim makes me a better American citizen.”
In 2008, former Secretary of State Colin Powell, a Republican, criticized elements of his party for allowing comments that “President Obama is a Muslim” to be answered only with “He is not a Muslim, he’s a Christian. He’s always been Christian.”
“The really right answer,” Powell said, “is, What if he is? Is there something wrong with being a Muslim in this country?’”
Today, the most high-profile Muslim elected officials are U.S. Reps. André D. Carson, a Democrat from Indiana, and Keith Ellison, a Democrat from Minnesota.
But could there be a Muslim president in our lifetime?
“Why not?” said Tlaib, noting that we now have a biracial president.
“If somebody told me 10 years ago … I’d say, ‘Nah, it’s never going to happen.’ So I’m a true believer.”
Al-Marayati said that more important is having a president who demonstrates a commitment to pluralism and who includes Muslims as equal citizens in this country.
“I think if we achieve that, that’s a great achievement for America. That will make America stronger and will make the American Muslim community more secure.”
Americans’ willingness to vote for presidential candidates
“Between now and the 2016 political conventions, there will be discussions about the qualifications of presidential candidates — their education, age, religion, race and so on. If your party nominated a generally-well-qualified person for president who happened to be ____ , would you vote for that person?”
Gay or lesbian
An evangelical Christian