In the closing hours of Women’s History Month, the U.S. Census Bureau shares some information about women in the United States.
Some of the data isn’t pretty, but it gives people something to work on for our sisters, aunts, mothers, spouses, daughters, granddaughters and great granddaughters. Yes, it’s supposed to be personal.
The median annual earnings for women 15 and older employed year-round was $39,157 compared with men’s median annual earnings of $50,033. Yes, women working full time in 2013 earned only 78 cents for every dollar that men make.
That shameful inequality persists.
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National Women’s History Month goes back to March 8, 1857, when women in New York City factories protested working conditions. International Women’s Day was first observed in 1909. It wasn‘t until 1981 that Congress established National Women’s History Week as the second week in March. In 1987, Congress expanded the week into a month. Since then, Congress has passed a resolution for Women’s History Month, and the president has issued a proclamation.
Back to the facts: The United States has 161 million females compared with 156.1 million males as of December 2013. The U.S. in 2013 had 1.6 million women veterans.
At age 85 and older, the approximate ratio of women to men is 2 to 1. In 2013, 10.9 million women were enrolled in undergraduate college and graduate school. Women were 56.2 percent of all college students. Of women 25 and older in 2014, 32 percent had gotten a bachelor’s degree or more.
Women voted more than men in the 2012 presidential election — 63.7 percent compared with 59.7 percent.
In 2012, the number of mothers age 15 to 50 in the United States was 44.2 million. Women age 40 to 44 in 2012 had an average of 2 children, down from 3.1 children in 1976.
In 2013, 66.7 million women age 18 and older were married. That includes those who were separated or had an absent spouse.
Stay-at-home moms nationwide numbered 5.2 million in 2014 compared with 211,000 stay-at-home dads.
In 2013, 75.1 million women age 16 and older participated in the civilian workforce. They constituted 47.4 percent of those workers.
Of social scientists, 63 percent are women — the heaviest representation of women in all science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. In other STEM areas, women were about 14 percent of the engineers, 45 percent of the mathematicians and statisticians and 47 percent of life scientists.
Let’s work for improvements in 2015.