WASHINGTON — One reason Washington makes so much bad history is that so many people here know so little history. This helps explain why comprehensive immigration reform is foundering: Too few of todays legislators know what happened 163 years ago.
By GEORGE WILL
The Washington Post
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell does know. The most important Kentuckian since Henry Clay, McConnell knows how his hero Clay, who was called the great compromiser, failed to engineer Senate passage of a comprehensive compromise in 1850. McConnell knows that this was achieved by the canniness of Stephen A. Douglas.
In 1850, the Little Giant he stood 5 feet 4 was in his first term as senator from Illinois. He would win his third term in 1859, defeating the tall man who was president when Douglas died. Douglas great achievement the compromises of 1850 helped save the union by releasing steam from the sectional crisis. This delayed the Civil War the irrepressible conflict until a decade of immigration and industrialization had made the North more prepared to win it, and until two other Illinois men, Abraham Lincoln and U.S. Grant, emerged.
By 1850, the countrys sectional hostilities, fueled by slavery, had been exacerbated by the war with Mexico. As the Norths population grew and the House of Representatives became increasingly hostile to the expansion of slavery, the South focused on preserving the Senate balance of slave and non-slave states while the nation digested the land acquired in the war.
The tangle of disputes concerned several matters fugitive slaves, the slave trade in the District of Columbia, statehood for California and creation of territorial governments for Utah and New Mexico. A Texas-New Mexico border dispute and some other matters were added to the witches brew.
Clay, depressed and exhausted after failing to assemble a Senate majority for a comprehensive bill that addressed each subject, went to Rhode Island to rest. Douglas, however, proposed breaking the comprehensive bill into separate measures, which passed. He cobbled together several different majority coalitions.
Now, consider the comprehensive immigration bill passed this year by the Senate, and Sen. Marco Rubios judgment that if we stick to the position of all or nothing, were going to end up with nothing.
The bill, in the writing of which Rubio participated, is 1,197 pages long.
Todays Senate bill is gigantic because it deals with everything. Its size is proportional to Washingtons serene confidence that it knows everything. What should be the hourly wage of an agricultural sorter in 2016? The Senate bill (through an explanation given on page 318) says $9.84. And the hourly wage of a worker in a nursery? Twenty cents less than the agricultural sorters wage. Some senators know everything.
The bill also contains a remarkable geographical insight: Nevada is a border state. Your eyes tell you its southern tip is about 200 miles from the Mexican border, but the bill, which includes $46.3 billion in border security spending, decrees that Nevada is eligible for border pork.
Immigration reforms should address three problems border security (the least important problem; about 40 percent of those here illegally came on visas they overstayed), the needs of Americas workforce, and the status of the 11 million here illegally. If McConnell were majority leader, the bill would be broken into manageable bits, and there might be found a different majority coalition for each.
But the majority leader is a Democrat (Harry Reid from the border state of Nevada) whose party has one overriding interest turning as many of the 11 million into voters as fast as possible.
They are holding all immigration reforms hostage to this objective. Which shall be the case unless and until McConnell is majority leader.
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