How to explain this paradox?
By ROBERT REICH
Tribune Content Agency
Starting Nov. 1, more than 47 million Americans lost some or all of their food stamp benefits. House Republicans are pushing for further cuts. If the sequester isnt stopped, everything else poor and working-class Americans depend on will be further squeezed.
Were not talking about a small sliver of America here. Half of all children get food stamps at some point during their childhood. Half of all adults get them sometime between ages 18 and 65. Many employers including the nations largest, Walmart now pay so little that food stamps are necessary in order to keep food on the family table.
The larger reality is that most Americans are still living in the Great Recession. Median household income continues to drop. In the most recent Washington Post-ABC News poll, 75 percent rated the state of the economy as negative or poor.
Its easy to blame Republicans and the right-wing billionaires who bankroll them, and their unceasing demonization of big government as well as deficits. But Democrats in Washington bear some of the responsibility. In last years fiscal cliff debate, neither party pushed to extend the payroll tax holiday or find other ways to help the working middle class and poor.
A recent survey of families in the top 10 percent of net worth shows theyre feeling better than theyve felt since 2007, before the Great Recession. Its not just that the top 10 percent have jobs and their wages are rising. The top 10 percent also own more than 80 percent of the stock market. And the stock market was recently up 24 percent for the year. The stock market is up even though most Americans are down, for two big reasons.
First, businesses are busily handing their cash back to their shareholders buying back their stock and thereby boosting share prices rather than using the cash to expand and hire. It makes no sense to expand and hire when most Americans dont have the money to buy.
IBM has just approved another $15 billion for share buybacks on top of about $5.6 billion it set aside previously, thereby boosting its share prices even though business is sluggish. In April, Apple announced a $50 billion increase in buybacks plus a 15 percent rise in dividends, but even this wasnt enough for multibillionaire Carl Icahn, whos now demanding that Apple use more of its $170 billion cash stash to buy back its stock and make Icahn even richer.
Big corporations can also borrow at rock-bottom rates these days in order to buy back even more of their stock courtesy of the Feds $85-billion-a-month bond-buying program.
The second big reason shares are up while most Americans are down is that corporations continue to find new ways to boost profits and share prices by cutting their labor costs substituting software for people, cutting wages and benefits, and piling more responsibilities on each of the employees who remain.
Neither of these two strategies can be sustained over the long run. They dont improve a companys products or customer service.
But in an era of sluggish sales these two strategies at least keep shareholders happy. And that means they keep the top 10 percent happy.
Congress, meanwhile, doesnt know much about the bottom 90 percent. The top 10 percent provide almost all campaign contributions and funding of independent ads. Moreover, just about all members of Congress are drawn from the same top 10 percent as are almost all their friends and associates.
Get it? The bottom 90 percent of Americans most of whom are still suffering from the Great Recession, most of whom have been on a downward escalator for decades have disappeared from official Washington. The only people Congress regularly encounters are in the happy top 10.
Robert Reich, a former U.S. labor secretary, is a professor of public policy at the University of California at Berkeley.