For so many years, Iran has been a popular neighbor among most Arab states, largely because of its unremitting hostility toward Israel and the West.
By JOEL BRINKLEY
Tribune Media Services
But now, the tables have turned. Iran has lost the friendship and support of almost every Arab and Muslim state, leaving it as one of the least liked nations in the world. Its only true competitor for that title right now seems to be North Korea.
This conclusion comes from a comprehensive new survey by Zogby Research Services, just made public. Zogby pollsters interviewed 20,051 average Muslim citizens in 20 nations, from Azerbaijan to Yemen and most every state in between. Of all those countries, the only two that generally support Iran are Iraq, another largely Shiite state, and Lebanon, home to Hezbollah.
Most people in the region have also turned decidedly against Irans nuclear program.
Back in 2006, the survey says, when Iran was seen as the bastion of resistance to the West, their nuclear ambitions were supported and defended. But today, there is virtually no support for Irans nuclear ambitions and widespread support for sanctions though not for military action.
What caused this 180-degree change of opinion? The Syrian war and Irans fervent effort to prop up Syrian President Bashar al-Assad with weapons, manpower and military guidance. That has alienated almost everyone in the region.
Earlier, support for Iran among the general public was in defiance of government views. But now theyre in sync. Dont forget that the Arab League recently demonstrated its disdain for Assad by ceremoniously filling his governments seat with a member of the opposition coalition thats working hard to depose him. At least those states recognize that a leader who mercilessly kills more than 80,000 of his own people, without explanation or apology, does not deserve to remain in power. Significant majorities in nearly all of the states offered visceral opposition to Irans role in Syria.
In 2006, at least 75 percent of the regions population said it supported Iran. The nations popularity starting rising precipitously, particularly after the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. Now, support has fallen below 25 percent. Not surprisingly, Saudi Arabian views have fallen the farthest. In much of that country now, Iran is loathed. Only 15 percent of Saudis support the ayatollahs today a steep drop from 85 percent in 2006.
The polling was performed at the end of 2012. One can only imagine how much worse the view would be today after Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hezbollah, the Iran-surrogate terror force, declared that it would fight to the death to defend Assad. And now Hezbollah forces are fighting side by side with the Syrian military, helping Assad make notable gains on the ground.
Most Arabs still do not consider the U.S. a friendly ally. But residents of all but six of the 20 states Oman, Lebanon, Iraq, Morocco, Libya and Turkey, each with its own story affirmatively answered the question: Does the United States contribute to peace and stability in the region?
In follow-up focus groups where we attempted to find out why, what we learned was that there was hope that a second-term Obama would be able to deliver on the promises that he made in the beginning of his first term principally reducing Americas military footprint in the region, closing Guantanamo and pushing for Middle East peace.
But another point deserves attention: Iran and the United States pursue polar-opposite philosophies and goals. So when respect for Iran falls, quite naturally respect for the United States rises.
Now its really up to President Barack Obama to take advantage of this new situation. And making a concerted, even strong-arm effort to bring Israelis and Palestinians to the negotiating table, as Secretary of State John Kerry is trying to do, would truly work wonders.
Joel Brinkley is the Hearst professional in residence at Stanford University.